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engross

Etymology

From Middle English engrossen, from Old French engrosser (to gather in large quantities, draft something in final form); partly from the phrase Old French (in bulk, in quantity, at wholesale), from Old French en- + Old French gros; and partly from Latin ingrosso (thicken, write something large and in bold lettering), from Latin in- + Latin grossus (great, big, thick), from Old High German groz (big, thick, coarse), from grautaz (large, great, thick, coarse grained, unrefined), from ghrewə- (to fell, put down, fall in). More at in-, gross.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /ɛnˈɡrəʊs/
  • (US) IPA: /ɛnˈɡroʊs/
  • Rhymes: -s

Verb

engross

  1. (transitive, now legal) To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
  2. (transitive, businessobsolete) To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
  3. (transitive) To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica:
      After which time the Popes of Rome, engrossing what they pleas'd of Politicall rule into their owne hands, extended their dominion over mens eyes, as they had before over their judgements, burning and prohibiting to be read, what they fancied not [...].
    • 2007, John Burrow, A History of Histories, Penguin 2009, pp. 125-6:
      Octavian then engrosses for himself proconsular powers for ten years in all the provinces where more than one legion was stationed, giving him effective control of the army.
  4. (transitive) To completely engage the attention of.
    She seems to be completely engrossed in that book.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To thicken; to condense.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.4:
      As, when a foggy mist hath overcast / The face of heven, and the cleare ayre engroste, / The world in darkenes dwels [...].

Synonyms

Related terms

Coordinate terms

  • (to write out in large characters) longhand

engross

Etymology

F., fr. pref. en- (L. in) + gros gross, grosse, n., an engrossed document: cf. OF. engrossir, engroissier, to make thick, large, or gross. See Gross.

Verb Transitive, Noun, Participle Past, Verbal Noun, Verb, Participle Present

engross
  1. To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
    [Obs.]
    Waves . . . engrossed with mud.
    Spenser.
    Not sleeping, to engross his idle body.
    Shak.
  2. To amass.
    [Obs.]
    To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf.
    Shak.
  3. To copy or write in a large hand (en gross, i. e., in large); to write a fair copy of in distinct and legible characters; as, to engross a deed or like instrument on parchment.
    Some period long past, when clerks engrossed their stiff and formal chirography on more substantial materials.
    Hawthorne.
    Laws that may be engrossed on a finger nail.
    De Quincey.
  4. To seize in the gross; to take the whole of; to occupy the attention completely; to absorb; as, the subject engrossed all his thoughts.
  5. To purchase either the whole or large quantities of, for the purpose of enhancing the price and making a profit; hence, to take or assume in undue quantity, proportion, or degree; as, to engross commodities in market; to engross power.

Thesaurus

 See also Thesaurus:engross

Verb

engross
  1. plunge, absorb, engross, engulf, soak up, steep, immerse : devote (oneself) fully to
    He immersed himself into his studies
  2. occupy, absorb, engage, engross : consume all of one's attention or time
    Her interest in butterflies absorbs her completely
    • engross is one way to ... interest
    • ... is a kind of engross involve, consume, rivet
    • Sample Sentence(s)
      The performance is likely to engross Sue